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Ultimate Guide to Hydraulic Hose Material Properties

Today I am going to show something basically important about hydraulic hose material properties. The raw material for manufacturing hydraulic hose can determine the quality of the hydraulic hose. 

Table of Contents


Do you guys know how the hose is manufactured?

Today I am going to show something basically important about hydraulic hose material properties.

The raw material for manufacturing a hydraulic hose can determine the quality of the hydraulic hose.

Hydraulic hoses are critical components of hydraulic systems. They transmit hydraulic fluids from one component to another, facilitating movement and power transmission. As such, it is crucial to choose the right hydraulic hose material for your application.

In this ultimate guide, we’ll explore hydraulic hose material properties and how they affect the hose’s performance.

What Is Hydraulic Hose Made of?

The hydraulic hose is normally made of multiple materials, and the most common material property is rubber.

And the rubber material for making hydraulic hoses is a synthetic rubber, which is the main body to compose the hydraulic hose structure.

So let’s see the hydraulic hose structure first.

hydraulic hose structure
hydraulic hose structure

A whole hydraulic hose pipe is structured with 3 parts, inner tube, reinforcement, and outer cover.

The inner tube is made of oil-resistant synthetic rubber, the reinforcement is made of high tensile stainless steel wire,  cotton thread, textile and etc, the outer cover is made of synthetic rubber too.

This is the composition of the standard hydraulic hose, and the hydraulic hose manufacturer will adjust the proportion of material properties to achieve a certain hydraulic hose performance.

For example, the experienced hydraulic hose engineer will increase the proportion of NBR (Nitrile Rubber) synthetic rubber material to make the inner tube of the hydraulic hose, to give it better oil resistance.

Hydraulic Hose Pipe Material Properties

Here are some frequently used hydraulic hose pipe material properties.

The widely used material property is rubber material, which is used to create the inner tube and outer cover of the hydraulic hose. Here are various types of rubber material, so let’s go first to introduce rubber for hydraulic hose production.

Synthetic Rubber

Synthetic rubber is a common hydraulic hose material. It is durable, flexible, and can withstand high pressure and temperature. It is also resistant to abrasion, ozone, and weathering. However, synthetic rubber is not suitable for use with certain fluids, such as petroleum-based oils, fuels, and solvents.


thermoplastic hose
thermoplastic hose

Thermoplastics, such as nylon and polyurethane, are also used in hydraulic hoses. They are lightweight, flexible, and can withstand high pressure and temperature. They are also resistant to abrasion, chemicals, and weathering. However, they are not as durable as synthetic rubber and are not suitable for use with high-temperature fluids.


teflon hose
teflon hose

Teflon, also known as PTFE, is a popular hydraulic hose material for high-temperature applications. It can withstand temperatures up to 450°F and is resistant to chemicals, including acids and bases. It is also non-conductive, making it ideal for use in electrical applications. However, Teflon is not suitable for use with petroleum-based fluids.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is a hydraulic hose material used for high-pressure applications. It is durable, flexible, and can withstand extreme temperatures. It is also resistant to corrosion and abrasion. Stainless steel hoses are often used in industries such as aerospace, marine, and food processing.

Hybrid Hoses

Hybrid hoses combine different materials to achieve specific performance characteristics. For example, a hybrid hose may have a synthetic rubber inner tube for flexibility and a stainless steel outer braid for durability. Hybrid hoses can also include multiple layers of materials, such as nylon and synthetic rubber.

Neoprene Rubber for Hydraulic Hose

Neoprene can maintain excellent flexibility within the hydraulic hose temperature range of -40°C and 100°C, and it is used to solve the hose abrasion problem at certain temperatures.

Neoprene rubber material has excellent resistance, ozone resistance, heat aging resistance, oil resistance, and solvent resistance. Good chemical resistance and excellent flame resistance.

So Neoprene rubber has a wide application, and here we usually use Neoprene to produce the hydraulic hose, of course, it can also be made for many other products, such as the outer cover of cables and wires, industrial gaskets, hoses, belts, adhesive tapes, joint sealants for construction engineering and etc. 

Stainless Steel

stainless steel wire
stainless steel wire

The stainless steel is used to make a reinforced layer of the hydraulic hose, to add much more strength to the hydraulic hose body. According to the steel wire reinforcement, the hydraulic hose can be divided into two main types.

Braided hydraulic hose and spiral hydraulic hose, and you can know the difference between spiral vs braided hydraulic hose. Stainless steel wire is an important material for making the hydraulic hose reinforcement layer.

Here are hydraulic hose factory will source bulk steel wires, ensure the quality of the hydraulic hose. The braided hydraulic hose will have excellent flexibility, much stronger with more layers of steel wire reinforcement, and the spiral hydraulic hose will be designed with strength.

And the spiral hydraulic hose can add more layers of spiral steel wires, to make the 4-wire spiral hydraulic hose, and 6-wire spiral hydraulic hose.

Final Thoughts

I do hope this ultimate guide to hydraulic hose material can help you know more about hydraulic hose production do you have any ideas about how to select the best hydraulic hose for your hydraulic project?

If you have any questions about the hydraulic hose pipe material, please feel free to contact us at any time.

And welcome to get a FREE hydraulic hose sample from us now.

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